The Pantone Colours in the Pantone Matching System (PMS) are a selection of standardised colours chosen by the Pantone company with specific values that allow for almost perfect reproduction across the world by printers and manufacturers.
The PANTONE® name is known worldwide as the standard language for color communication from designer to manufacturer to retailer to customer.
– via Pantone website
This is because not only does each colour have specific values, numbers (PMS 3115 for example) and instructions for their creation, but the book that you have purchased from Pantone (at great cost!) should be exactly the same as the book being referenced anywhere else in the world. This also includes books that will show you how your colours will look on different surfaces and in different media, from coated and uncoated papers to fabrics and other mixed media.
All of this just means that it is possible for you to pick a colour for your printing or branding and know that this colour will be reproduced all but perfectly wherever it is printed or recreated with only minuscule differences in the look (colour shift).
This is SUPER important, because if your business logo is a specific shade of cherry red for instance, you want that same cherry red to be represented wherever it may be seen by your audience so that they can build up an association with that colour as well as the other properties of your branding and grow the feelings that your brand exudes, allowing you to build trust with your customers.
It also allows you avoid issues when trying to replicate a colour that you have seen, for instance on a flower, because you can match that colour to a book that you have with you in the same frame of reference. Lighting and situation can affect how your brain perceives colour so greatly that it is easy for a photo or description of a colour to be misconstrued. The Pantone Colour Matching System removes these uncertainties and allows for transparency. It also means that if something goes wrong and your product or printing doesn’t match, you can go back to the printer or manufacturer with your specific pantone colour choices and dispute them with confidence.
So if you haven’t already, consider choosing pantone colours for your logo and branding today. If you don’t have a book on hand (and if you aren’t a designer or printer this is likely), try contacting your local printer or designer, chances are they will be open to sitting with you and giving you some free help with matching your colours to get your business on the right footing for the future.